The adoption by ATUDEM in 1994 of the Rules of Procedure for the Operation of Spanish Alpine Ski Resorts, as an exponent of the consensus of the ski resorts to provide a self-regulation that alleviates the situation of legal uncertainty in which its action unfolded, was a milestone in the regulation of these, given the abandonment that this important tourism sector has been subjected by the Spanish legislature.
The validity of the 1994 Regulations as a source of rights and obligations for ski resorts and their skiers has been recognized over the years by the Spanish courts of justice.
The Regulation was first updated in 2003 to respond to the update of the FIS Standards in 2002 and the evolution of skiers' practices, but this development has continued in such a way as to necessitate a further revision.
The operating companies of the Spanish ski resorts are companies transporting cable travelers, and as such subject to European, Spanish and, where appropriate, autonomous cable passenger transport legislation, as well as the operators of other cable transport facilities existing in Spain, both in cities and in the mountains...
S.O.S. On-Track Emergency Phone: 900 249 100
The International Ski Federation (FIS), founded in 1924 and affiliated with 54 federations, approved FIS standards in 2002. An ideal model of behavior for skiers, snowboarders or any other who glide through the snow, whose goal is to avoid accidents
A skier or snowboarder must behave in such a way that he does not endanger or prejudice others.
A skier or snowboarder must move in control. He must adapt his speed and manner of skiing or snowboarding to his personal ability and to the prevailing conditions of terrain, snow and weather as well as to the density of traffic.
A skier or snowboarder coming from behind must choose his route in such a way that he does not endanger skiers or snowboarders ahead.
A skier or snowboarder may overtake another skier or snowboarder above or below and to the right or to the left provided that he leaves enough space for the overtaken skier or snowboarder to make any voluntary or involuntary movement.
A skier or snowboarder entering a marked run, starting again after stopping or moving upwards on the slopes must look up and down the slopes that he can do so without endangering himself or others.
Unless absolutely necessary, a skier or snowboarder must avoid stopping on the piste in narrow places or where visibility is restricted. After a fall in such a place, a skier or snowboarder must move clear of the piste as soon as possible.
A skier or snowboarder either climbing or descending on foot must keep to the side of the piste.
A skier or snowboarder must respect all signs and markings.
At accidents, every skier or snowboarder is duty bound to assist.
Every skier or snowboarder and witness, whether a responsible party or not, must exchange names and addresses following an accident.
Skiing and snowboarding, like all sports, involve risks. The FIS rules concern all skiers and snowboarders, who must know and respect them.
Whoever causes an accident because he has violated the Rules may be liable civilly or criminally.